The Real Estate Board licenses salespersons, brokers, and firms representing others in property transactions. The Board also enforces Fair Housing Law in cases involving real estate licensees and their employees.
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The Virginia Regulatory Town Hall provides access to the board's meeting schedule, agendas, and past meeting minutes.
Visit the Town Hall: http://www.townhall.virginia.gov/L/viewboard.cfm?boardid=91&display=meetings
A REALTOR® is a licensed real estate agent (salesperson or broker) who is also a member of the National Association of REALTORS®, a private professional organization.
The Real Estate Board licenses real estate salespersons, brokers, and firms. The decision to join any professional association is voluntary and unrelated to state licensure.
State law requires a license to practice real estate, but does not require any licensee be a REALTOR®.
You may reach the Board office by phone at 804-367-8526 (Licensing Section) or 804-367-2406 (Education Section), by FAX at 1-866-826-8863, or by e-mail at REBoard@dpor.virginia.gov. Additionally, if you have information that you would like to mail to the Board, please send it to:Real Estate BoardDepartment of Professional and Occupational Regulation9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 400Richmond, VA 23233
No. The Board members do not work in the Board office. They come into the Board offices for Board meetings and hearings, but are not here on a daily basis.
Board office staff members can answer your questions and are trained to process all information that comes into the Board office. Please do not contact Board members directly.
Salespersons must complete a 60-hour course ("Principles of Real Estate") and pass the State and National portions of the salesperson examination. Brokers must complete 180 hours of required broker-specific and broker-related courses, pass the State and National Portions of the broker examination, and submit verification of experience (actively engaged as a salesperson for 36 out of the 48 months preceding application for licensure).
A total of 180 classroom hours of Board-approved courses is required. Proof of passing the course and a monitored final examination are required for course approval. You must complete at least three courses from the broker-specific courses below. One of the three must be a 45-classroom hour real estate brokerage course.
The remaining hours may be broker-related courses.
Note: The maximum allowable credit for a single broker-specific course is 60 hours, and 45 hours for a single broker-related course. Any principles of real estate course taken to meet the salesperson education requirement is not acceptable to meet the broker education requirement.
Yes. Applicants for a salesperson license must (1) pass the State portion of the examination, (2) submit verification of completion of a 60 hour course called "Principles of Real Estate" and (3) submit letters of certification from other jurisdictions where licensed. Also, in order to apply through reciprocity, the salesperson MUST hold a current salesperson license in another state.
Applicants for a broker license must (1) pass the State portion of the examination, (2) submit verification of experience (actively engaged as a salesperson or broker for 36 out of 48 months preceding application for licensure), (3) submit original transcripts or certified copies of transcripts from the educational institution where the applicant completed 180 classroom hours of broker pre-licensing courses substantially equivalent to Virginia's real estate education requirements, and (4) submit letters of certification from other jurisdictions where licensed. Also, in order to apply through reciprocity, the broker MUST hold a current broker license in another state.
Contact the Board's examination vendor, PSI (1-800-733-9267).
Please complete the Certification Request Form (PDF) and send it with a check for $35.00, made payable to the Treasurer of Virginia. Specify where you would like the certification to be mailed.
Yes, an inactive license must be renewed. The renewal fee is the same, however,an inactive licensee is not required to meet the continuing education requirements.
NOTE: All salespersons (active or inactive) renewing their licenses for the first time must complete 30 hours of post-license education (instead of continuing education).
If you have a complaint about a licensed real estate salesperson, broker, or firm, first try to settle it with management. If you cannot resolve the issue, you may file a report with the Regulatory Programs and Compliance Section.
No earlier than 60 days prior to your license expiration, send in the renewal fee, make checks payable to the Treasurer of Virginia, and include your registration number on your check. Please note that if you wish to renew on active status, you must meet the education requirements. If you have had a change of address, include a letter with your new address. Mail this information to:Real Estate BoardDepartment of Professional & Occupational Regulation9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 400Richmond, VA 23233
You CANNOT continue to practice in Virginia after your license has expired or if your license is on inactive status.
No. Board regulations allow a 30-day grace period in which a license may be renewed without penalty (therefore, your payment is actually 31 days late). Staff cannot waive the fee.
Regulations state that if the requirements for renewal of a license, including receipt of the fee by the board, are not complete within 30 days of the expiration date, a reinstatement fee is required.
Once your license expires, you no longer have a license to practice real estate. The grace period is not a license extension, but only an additional 30 days to complete your education and submit payment without having to pay the reinstatement fee.
Yes. Board regulations state that failure to receive the renewal notice does not relieve the licensee of the obligation to renew.
The date the application or renewal was received in the agency determines whether it is on time, not the postmark date. If the renewal fee is received after the due date, you will be required to pay the reinstatement fee. If the reinstatement fee is received after the due date, you will be required to reapply for licensure, meeting all current requirements.
Complete, print, sign, and submit a Name/Address Change Form to the Board office. All address changes must be received by the Board in writing. When providing a post office box as the mailing address, it must be accompanied by the physical address.
Kevin HoeftJeffrey Williams
Board members are appointed by the Governor. To learn more about the gubernatorial appointment process, visit the Secretary of the Commonwealth's website.
The Virginia Real Estate Transaction Recovery Act provides relief to eligible consumers who have incurred losses through the improper or dishonest conduct of a licensed real estate salesperson, broker, or firm. The Recovery Fund is supported entirely by assessments paid by licensees, not by any tax revenues. Filing a claim does not guarantee payment.
Who Is Eligible to File a Claim? | Limitations | Revocation of License | Source of Funding | Frequently Asked Questions | Claim Form and Instructions
A person who has been awarded a judgment in a court of competent jurisdiction in the Commonwealth of Virginia against a licensed real estate salesperson, broker, or firm ("licensee") may be eligible to file a claim. The court judgment must be obtained against an individual or entity licensed by the Real Estate Board and must be based upon the improper or dishonest conduct of the contractor.
In situations where the real estate licensee has filed bankruptcy, the claimant must first file a claim with the proper bankruptcy court. If no distribution is made, the claimant may then file a Recovery Fund claim with the Board. The Board will determine whether the conduct was improper and dishonest and what amount, if any, such claimant is entitled to recover from the Fund.
The real estate salesperson, broker, or firm must have been licensed during the period in which the improper or dishonest conduct occurred. The conduct must have occurred in connection with a transaction involving the sale, lease, or management of real property by the licensee acting in the capacity of a real estate broker or real estate salesperson, and not in the capacity of a principal.
State law prohibits the following from filing a Recovery Fund claim:
Please note, the General Assembly, not the Real Estate Board, establishes eligibility criteria for the Recovery Fund.
State law limits a single Recovery Fund claim to $20,000. Multiple claims involving the same real estate licensee are limited to $100,000 per biennial license period. If multiple claims involving one licensee exceed $100,000, the claim amounts must be prorated. If there is reason to believe there will be multiple claims involving one licensee, payment of claims will be delayed for a period not to exceed one year.
The Recovery Fund does not pay interest, punitive damages, exemplary damages, or any amounts that do not constitute actual monetary loss to the claimant. However, the award (claim) may include attorney's fees and court costs.
When a payment involving a real estate licensee is made from the Recovery Fund, in most cases, the applicable license is automatically revoked. Any licensee whose license is revoked shall not be eligible to apply for a license as a broker or salesperson until the amount paid from the Recovery Fund is repaid in full, plus interest. The Real Estate Board may also take further disciplinary action against the licensee. However, any disciplinary action taken against the licensee by the Real Estate Board does not satisfy any statutory requirements to support a Recovery Fund claim.
The Real Estate Transaction Recovery Fund is not funded by any tax revenues. All administrative costs and claims are funded with assessments paid by real estate licensees.
This decision is entirely up to the claimant. While some claimants choose to be represented by an attorney in their claim, it is not necessary in order to file a claim. If the claimant is represented by an attorney, the DPOR staff will contact that attorney directly with regard to the claim. Attorney fees may be recoverable from the Fund.
Once a claim has been received by DPOR, staff will review the file to determine whether the claimant meets the eligibility requirements established by state law (Section 54.1-2112 et seq. of the Code of Virginia). If the claimant is eligible and the claim is complete, staff will serve copies of the claim form and all attachments on the real estate licensee alleged to be the cause of the eligible, reimbursable loss.
It is difficult to state a general time frame because each claim is different. Factors affecting the process include whether all required documentation is included with the claim form, if the civil action has been completed, and how much difficulty the Board has in serving the claim on the real estate licensee. IFF Conferences are normally held monthly to hear Recovery Fund claims, and the Board itself meets approximately every eight weeks to review the recommendations. Claimants should be aware that obtaining assistance from the Recovery Fund is not a swift process in most cases, and occurs only after all other civil legal remedies are exhausted.
When the consumer takes any legal action against a real estate licensee, the Clerk of Court should be notified that the Real Estate Board must also receive a copy of the notice served on the licensee. An affidavit stating the acts of improper or dishonest conduct of the licensee should be included with the notice given to the Board.
After the consumer obtains a judgment from a court, the consumer must attempt to collect from the licensee by conducting debtor interrogatories. This legal action determines whether the licensee has any assets which can be sold or applied to satisfy the court judgment. If any assets are revealed by the interrogatories, the consumer must provide evidence that all legally available actions have been taken to sell the assets, and disclose amounts realized from such actions.
A Real Estate Recovery Fund Claim Form must be filed with the Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation (DPOR) within 12 months after the judgment is final. Please attach a certified copy of the judgment order, copies of all pleadings filed by either party (if any), a copy of the contract, a notarized affidavit stating the acts of improper or dishonest conduct by the licensee which form the basis of this claim, and evidence that debtor interrogatories were conducted (which should include the front and back of the summons for interrogatories).
Recovery Fund Office
Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 400Richmond, VA 23233-1463
(8:30 A.M. – 4:30 P.M., Monday – Friday)Phone: (804) 367-1559E-mail: RecoveryFund@dpor.virginia.gov
DPOR stands ready to assist veterans and active-duty military personnel as they maintain or transition to civilian careers requiring professional credentials.
Active-duty military personnel and their spouses having served overseas, as well as certain diplomatic service members and veterans, may be eligible to receive up to a five-year extension for meeting license renewal requirements (pursuant to Section 54.1-117 of the Code of Virginia).
Spouses of active-duty military personnel assigned to a duty station in Virginia are eligible for expedited processing using the Military Spouse Expedited License Application (PDF). A temporary, non-renewable six-month license for certain military spouses licensed in another state who need more time to meet Virginia-specific requirements may also be an option.
In addition, the Virginia Department of Veterans Affairs may reimburse veterans for the cost of license or certification exams. See the VA Pamphlet 22-02-1 for more information.
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