• Real Estate Board

    The Real Estate Board licenses salespersons, brokers, and firms representing others in property transactions. The Board also enforces Fair Housing Law in cases involving real estate licensees and their employees.


    Licensing Section  (804) 367-8526 | REBoard@dpor.virginia.gov  
    Education Section  (804) 367-2406 | RESchool@dpor.virginia.gov  
    Board Office  (804) 367-8552
    FAX  (866) 826-8863
    Looking to activate or transfer your sales or broker license? Watch the video tutorials first to avoid the most common mistakes!
    What happens after you submit your application? Learn about the three-step review process.
  • Forms & Applications

    For Individuals | For Firms/Business Entities | Other Licensing Forms | For Education Providers | Disclosure Forms 


     

    • DPOR Boards only process the versions of the applications provided below. Old forms are no longer accepted. 
    • Need help opening, viewing or printing? Troubleshooting resources available here.
    • Application fees are not refundable. 
    • What happens after you submit your application? Learn about the three-step review process.

     


    For Individuals

    For Firms/Business Entities

    Other Licensing Forms

    For Education Providers

    Disclosure Forms

    Use only the applications available here.
    Old application forms are no longer accepted.

    Laws & Regulations

    Sign up for email notification of regulatory action and meetings by registering here.

    Meetings & Minutes

    Sign up for email notification of regulatory action and meetings by registering here.

    The Virginia Regulatory Town Hall provides access to the board's meeting schedule, agendas, and past meeting minutes.

    Visit the Town Hall: http://www.townhall.virginia.gov/L/viewboard.cfm?boardid=91&display=meetings 

    Education & Exams

    New Applicants

     

    Newly Licensed Salespersons

     

    Experienced Salespersons and Brokers

    • Continuing education requirements for salespersons who have renewed their license at least once and for all brokers

     

    Education Providers

    • Lists of pass rates by exam type for Board-approved schools by year: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 
    • Information about the Board's Education Committee and obtaining approvals for schools, courses, and instructors 

     

    News & Publications

    Sign up for email notification of regulatory action and meetings by registering here.

    Real estate transaction disclosure forms available here

    Board News

    Press Releases

     

     

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Learn about our application review process.

    1. What is a REALTOR®? 
    2. How do I contact the Board office? 
    3. When I call the Board office, will I be able to speak directly with a Board member? 
    4. What are the qualifications for licensure by exam? 
    5. What are the broker education requirements? 
    6. I am licensed in another state and wish to become licensed in Virginia. Can I apply through reciprocity? 
    7. How do I apply for the examination? 
    8. I am licensed in Virginia, and applying for licensure in another state. The other state is requesting verification of my Virginia license. What do I need to do?  
    9. My license is on inactive status. Do I still need to renew? 
    10. How do I go about filing a complaint against a real estate licensee? 
    11. I need to renew my license, but I haven't received my renewal form. What do I need to do? 
    12. My renewal payment was one day late and I have always paid on time. Can you waive the late fee? 
    13. I did not renew on time because I didn't receive my renewal card. Do I still have to pay a late fee or reinstate my license? 
    14. Does the Board office use the date of receipt or the postmark date to determine whether an application or renewal was received on time? 
    15. My address and/or name has changed. What do I need to do to notify the Board? 

    What is a REALTOR®?

    A REALTOR® is a licensed real estate agent (salesperson or broker) who is also a member of the National Association of REALTORS®, a private professional organization.

    The Real Estate Board licenses real estate salespersons, brokers, and firms. The decision to join any professional association is voluntary and unrelated to state licensure.

    State law requires a license to practice real estate, but does not require any licensee be a REALTOR®.

    How do I contact the Board office?

    You may reach the Board office by phone at 804-367-8526 (Licensing Section) or 804-367-2406 (Education Section), by FAX at 1-866-826-8863, or by e-mail at REBoard@dpor.virginia.gov. Additionally, if you have information that you would like to mail to the Board, please send it to:
    Real Estate Board
    Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation
    9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 400
    Richmond, VA 23233

    When I call the Board office, will I be able to speak directly with a Board member?

    No. The Board members do not work in the Board office. They come into the Board offices for Board meetings and hearings, but are not here on a daily basis.

    Board office staff members can answer your questions and are trained to process all information that comes into the Board office. Please do not contact Board members directly.

    What are the qualifications for licensure by exam?

    Salespersons must complete a 60-hour course ("Principles of Real Estate") and pass the State and National portions of the salesperson examination. Brokers must complete 180 hours of required broker-specific and broker-related courses, pass the State and National Portions of the broker examination, and submit verification of experience (actively engaged as a salesperson for 36 out of the 48 months preceding application for licensure).

    What are the broker education requirements?

    A total of 180 classroom hours of Board-approved courses is required. Proof of passing the course and a monitored final examination are required for course approval. You must complete at least three courses from the broker-specific courses below. One of the three must be a 45-classroom hour real estate brokerage course. 

    Broker-specific Courses:

    • Real Estate Brokerage
    • Real Estate Law
    • Real Estate Finance
    • Real Estate Appraisal

    The remaining hours may be broker-related courses.

    Broker-related Courses:

    • Real Estate Economics
    • Business Law
    • Real Estate Investments
    • Property Management
    • Real Estate Abstracting
    • Urban Development
    • Real Estate Feasibility Analysis
    • Commercial Mortgage Lending
    • Real Estate Math (completed before 12/86)
    • Land Use Planning
    • GRI(all parts)
    • CRB (all parts)
    • CCIM (all parts)
    • SIR/SIOR (all parts)

    Note: The maximum allowable credit for a single broker-specific course is 60 hours, and 45 hours for a single broker-related course. Any principles of real estate course taken to meet the salesperson education requirement is not acceptable to meet the broker education requirement.

    I am licensed in another state and wish to become licensed in Virginia. Can I apply through reciprocity?

    Yes. Applicants for a salesperson license must (1) pass the State portion of the examination, (2) submit verification of completion of a 60 hour course called "Principles of Real Estate" and (3) submit letters of certification from other jurisdictions where licensed. Also, in order to apply through reciprocity, the salesperson MUST hold a current salesperson license in another state. 

    Applicants for a broker license must (1) pass the State portion of the examination, (2) submit verification of experience (actively engaged as a salesperson or broker for 36 out of 48 months preceding application for licensure), (3) submit original transcripts or certified copies of transcripts from the educational institution where the applicant completed 180 classroom hours of broker pre-licensing courses substantially equivalent to Virginia's real estate education requirements, and (4) submit letters of certification from other jurisdictions where licensed. Also, in order to apply through reciprocity, the broker MUST hold a current broker license in another state. 

    How do I apply for the examination?

    Contact the Board's examination vendor, PSI (1-800-733-9267).

    I am licensed in Virginia, and applying for licensure in another state.The other state is requesting verification of my Virginia license. What do I need to do?

    Please complete the Certification Request Form (PDF) and send it with a check for $35.00, made payable to the Treasurer of Virginia. Specify where you would like the certification to be mailed.

    My license is on inactive status. Do I still need to renew? 

    Yes, an inactive license must be renewed. The renewal fee is the same, however,an inactive licensee is not required to meet the continuing education requirements.

    NOTE: All salespersons (active or inactive) renewing their licenses for the first time must complete 30 hours of post-license education (instead of continuing education). 

    How do I go about filing a complaint against a real estate licensee?

    If you have a complaint about a licensed real estate salesperson, broker, or firm, first try to settle it with management. If you cannot resolve the issue, you may file a report with the Regulatory Programs and Compliance Section.

    I need to renew my license, but I haven't received my renewal form. What do I need to do?

    No earlier than 60 days prior to your license expiration, send in the renewal fee, make checks payable to the Treasurer of Virginia, and include your registration number on your check. Please note that if you wish to renew on active status, you must meet the education requirements. If you have had a change of address, include a letter with your new address. Mail this information to:
    Real Estate Board
    Department of Professional & Occupational Regulation
    9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 400
    Richmond, VA 23233

    You CANNOT continue to practice in Virginia after your license has expired or if your license is on inactive status.

    My renewal payment was one day late and I have always paid on time. Can you waive the late fee?

    No. Board regulations allow a 30-day grace period in which a license may be renewed without penalty (therefore, your payment is actually 31 days late). Staff cannot waive the fee.

    Regulations state that if the requirements for renewal of a license, including receipt of the fee by the board, are not complete within 30 days of the expiration date, a reinstatement fee is required.

    Once your license expires, you no longer have a license to practice real estate. The grace period is not a license extension, but only an additional 30 days to complete your education and submit payment without having to pay the reinstatement fee.

    I did not renew on time because I didn't receive my renewal card. Do I still have to pay a late fee or reinstate my license?

    Yes. Board regulations state that failure to receive the renewal notice does not relieve the licensee of the obligation to renew.

    Does the Board office use the date of receipt or the postmark date to determine whether an application or renewal was received on time?

    The date the application or renewal was received in the agency determines whether it is on time, not the postmark date. If the renewal fee is received after the due date, you will be required to pay the reinstatement fee. If the reinstatement fee is received after the due date, you will be required to reapply for licensure, meeting all current requirements.

    My address and/or name has changed. What do I need to do to notify the Board?

    Complete, print, sign, and submit a Name/Address Change Form to the Board office. All address changes must be received by the Board in writing. When providing a post office box as the mailing address, it must be accompanied by the physical address.

    Real Estate Board

    Board Executive Director

    Christine Martine

    Board Administrators

    Kevin Hoeft
    Jeffrey Williams

    Board Member Roster

    Lee Odems
    Licensee Member
    Term ends June 30, 2017
    Lynn G. Grimsley
    Licensee Member
    Term ends June 30, 2016
    Catherine M. Noonan
    Licensee Member
    Terms ends June 30, 2016
    Steve Hoover
    Licensee Member
    Term ends June 30, 2016
    Vacant
    Citizen Member
    Term ends June 30, 2016
    Anh Tu Do
    Licensee Member
    Terms ends June 30, 2015
    Joe Funkhouser
    Chair
    Licensee Member
    Term ends June 30, 2014
    Sandra Ferebee
    Vice-Chair
    Licensee Member
    Term ends June 30, 2014
    Vacant
    Citizen Member
    Term ends June 30, 2014
     

    Board members are appointed by the Governor. To learn more about the gubernatorial appointment process, visit the Secretary of the Commonwealth's website. 

    Real Estate Transaction Recovery Fund

    The Virginia Real Estate Transaction Recovery Act provides relief to eligible consumers who have incurred losses through the improper or dishonest conduct of a licensed real estate salesperson, broker, or firm. The Recovery Fund is supported entirely by assessments paid by licensees, not by any tax revenues. Filing a claim does not guarantee payment.

    Who Is Eligible to File a Claim? | Limitations | Revocation of License | Source of Funding | Frequently Asked Questions | Claim Form and Instructions 

    Who Is Eligible to File a Claim?

    A person who has been awarded a judgment in a court of competent jurisdiction in the Commonwealth of Virginia against a licensed real estate salesperson, broker, or firm ("licensee") may be eligible to file a claim. The court judgment must be obtained against an individual or entity licensed by the Real Estate Board and must be based upon the improper or dishonest conduct of the contractor.

    • "Improper or dishonest conduct" includes only the wrongful and fraudulent taking or conversion of money, property, or other things of value or material misrepresentation or deceit.
    • Any disciplinary action taken against a licensee by the Real Estate Board does not satisfy any statutory requirements to support a Recovery Fund claim.

    In situations where the real estate licensee has filed bankruptcy, the claimant must first file a claim with the proper bankruptcy court. If no distribution is made, the claimant may then file a Recovery Fund claim with the Board. The Board will determine whether the conduct was improper and dishonest and what amount, if any, such claimant is entitled to recover from the Fund.

    The real estate salesperson, broker, or firm must have been licensed during the period in which the improper or dishonest conduct occurred. The conduct must have occurred in connection with a transaction involving the sale, lease, or management of real property by the licensee acting in the capacity of a real estate broker or real estate salesperson, and not in the capacity of a principal.

    State law prohibits the following from filing a Recovery Fund claim:

    1. a real estate licensee;
    2. the personal representative of a real estate licensee;
    3. the spouse or child of the licensee who is the subject of the claim (the licensee against whom the judgment was awarded), nor the personal representative of such spouse or child; or
    4. any lending or financial institution, nor anyone whose business involves the construction or development of real property.

    Please note, the General Assembly, not the Real Estate Board, establishes eligibility criteria for the Recovery Fund.

    Limitations

    State law limits a single Recovery Fund claim to $20,000. Multiple claims involving the same real estate licensee are limited to $100,000 per biennial license period. If multiple claims involving one licensee exceed $100,000, the claim amounts must be prorated. If there is reason to believe there will be multiple claims involving one licensee, payment of claims will be delayed for a period not to exceed one year.

    The Recovery Fund does not pay interest, punitive damages, exemplary damages, or any amounts that do not constitute actual monetary loss to the claimant. However, the award (claim) may include attorney's fees and court costs.

    Revocation of License

    When a payment involving a real estate licensee is made from the Recovery Fund, in most cases, the applicable license is automatically revoked. Any licensee whose license is revoked shall not be eligible to apply for a license as a broker or salesperson until the amount paid from the Recovery Fund is repaid in full, plus interest. The Real Estate Board may also take further disciplinary action against the licensee. However, any disciplinary action taken against the licensee by the Real Estate Board does not satisfy any statutory requirements to support a Recovery Fund claim.

    Source of Funding

    The Real Estate Transaction Recovery Fund is not funded by any tax revenues. All administrative costs and claims are funded with assessments paid by real estate licensees.

    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

    1. Is it necessary to be represented by an attorney? 
    2. What can be expected after the filing of a claim? 
    3. What is the basic time frame? 

    Is it necessary to be represented by an attorney?

    This decision is entirely up to the claimant. While some claimants choose to be represented by an attorney in their claim, it is not necessary in order to file a claim. If the claimant is represented by an attorney, the DPOR staff will contact that attorney directly with regard to the claim. Attorney fees may be recoverable from the Fund.

    What can be expected after the filing of a claim?

    Once a claim has been received by DPOR, staff will review the file to determine whether the claimant meets the eligibility requirements established by state law (Section 54.1-2112 et seq. of the Code of Virginia). If the claimant is eligible and the claim is complete, staff will serve copies of the claim form and all attachments on the real estate licensee alleged to be the cause of the eligible, reimbursable loss.

    What is the basic time frame?

    It is difficult to state a general time frame because each claim is different. Factors affecting the process include whether all required documentation is included with the claim form, if the civil action has been completed, and how much difficulty the Board has in serving the claim on the real estate licensee. IFF Conferences are normally held monthly to hear Recovery Fund claims, and the Board itself meets approximately every eight weeks to review the recommendations. Claimants should be aware that obtaining assistance from the Recovery Fund is not a swift process in most cases, and occurs only after all other civil legal remedies are exhausted.

    Claim Form and Instructions

    When the consumer takes any legal action against a real estate licensee, the Clerk of Court should be notified that the Real Estate Board must also receive a copy of the notice served on the licensee. An affidavit stating the acts of improper or dishonest conduct of the licensee should be included with the notice given to the Board.

    After the consumer obtains a judgment from a court, the consumer must attempt to collect from the licensee by conducting debtor interrogatories. This legal action determines whether the licensee has any assets which can be sold or applied to satisfy the court judgment. If any assets are revealed by the interrogatories, the consumer must provide evidence that all legally available actions have been taken to sell the assets, and disclose amounts realized from such actions.

    A Real Estate Recovery Fund Claim Form must be filed with the Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation (DPOR) within 12 months after the judgment is final. Please attach a certified copy of the judgment order, copies of all pleadings filed by either party (if any), a copy of the contract, a notarized affidavit stating the acts of improper or dishonest conduct by the licensee which form the basis of this claim, and evidence that debtor interrogatories were conducted (which should include the front and back of the summons for interrogatories).

    Recovery Fund Office 

    Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation
    9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 400
    Richmond, VA 23233-1463

    (8:30 A.M. – 4:30 P.M., Monday – Friday)
    Phone: (804) 367-1559
    E-mail: RecoveryFund@dpor.virginia.gov 

    Military and Veterans Services

    DPOR stands ready to assist veterans and active-duty military personnel as they maintain or transition to civilian careers requiring professional credentials.

    Active-duty military personnel and their spouses having served overseas, as well as certain diplomatic service members and veterans, may be eligible to receive up to a five-year extension for meeting license renewal requirements (pursuant to Section 54.1-117 of the Code of Virginia).

    Spouses of active-duty military personnel assigned to a duty station in Virginia are eligible for expedited processing using the Military Spouse Expedited License Application (PDF).

    In addition, the Virginia Department of Veterans Affairs may reimburse the cost of veterans´ examinations.

    Available Online Services

    (Please check back periodically as we add transactions in the future.)


    Address change

    Schools only 


    Renew a license

    ALL license types  

    • Except courses  


    Reinstate an expired license

    Individual license types
    Schools
     


    Inactivate a license

    Salesperson 

    Associate Broker 


    Enter Online Services using your unique, secure User ID and password.

    Don't have them yet? Don't worry. You will be able to create your profile and complete registration from the login page.